Oil and gas companies conflate fossil and renewable hydrogen to remain relevant
Governments must only support green hydrogen made from renewable electricity, warns not-for-profit Earthjustice. Marketing material from some US fossil fuel companies attempts to lump contrasting production technologies together.
In attempts to secure continued investment and remain relevant, companies in the US fossil fuel industry are campaigning for greater support for hydrogen made from fossil fuels, says a report by the non-profit environmental law organisation Earthjustice.
Of the ten million metric tonnes of hydrogen produced annually in the US, 99.8% comes from fossil fuels. Much of the “hydrogen hype” comes from the oil and gas industry, the report says.
Corporate marketing materials lead with the benefits of green hydrogen, but advocate for “all-of-the-above” hydrogen production routes, currently dominated by fossil fuel-based pathways.
In the EU, the hydrogen lobby has spent almost €60m ($70.48m) convincing the European Commission to pursue a “hydrogen backbone”, which would see small amounts of hydrogen blended into the existing gas system, with a view to its eventual expansion or retrofit. Appliances designed for natural gas cannot safely burn pure hydrogen, the report highlights.
The report urges policymakers to support green hydrogen only, and prioritise the direct use of renewable electricity wherever possible, particularly in relation to vehicles, household appliances and other sectors with readily available electric options.